Drivers None

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Printer driver isolation improves the reliability of the Windows print service, by enabling printer drivers to run in processes that are separate from the process in which the print spooler runs.

Support for printer driver isolation is implemented in Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 and later operating systems.

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For Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, an inbox printer driver must support printer driver isolation and be able to run in an isolated process.

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Previous versions of Windows

In previous versions of Windows, including Windows Server 2008, printer drivers always ran in the same process as the spooler. Printer driver components that ran in the spooler process included the following:

  • Print driver configuration modules

  • Print processors

  • Rendering modules

The failure of a single print driver component could cause the print subsystem to fail, halting print operations for all users and for all print components.

New versions of Windows

With Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, an administrator can, as an option, configure a printer driver to run in an isolated process--a process that is separate from the spooler process. By isolating the driver, the administrator can prevent a fault in a driver component from halting the print service.

For more information about the spooler functions, see Spooler Component Functions and Structures.

Driver isolation support in INF files

By default, if the INF file that installs a printer driver does not indicate that the driver supports driver isolation, the printer class installer configures the driver to run in the spooler process. However, if the INF file indicates that the driver supports driver isolation, the installer configures the driver to run in an isolated process. An administrator can override these configuration settings and specify, for each driver, whether to run the driver in the spooler process or in an isolated process.

To support driver isolation, the INF file that installs a printer driver can use the DriverIsolation keyword to indicate whether the driver supports printer driver isolation. Setting DriverIsolation=2 indicates that the driver supports driver isolation. Setting DriverIsolation=0 indicates that the driver does not support driver isolation. Omitting the DriverIsolation keyword from the INF file has the same effect as setting DriverIsolation=0.

Spooler functions for driver isolation settings

The following table shows the spooler functions that an administrator can use to configure the driver-isolation settings.

Function nameOperation
GetPrinterDataExGet the driver-isolation settings for a printer.
SetPrinterDataExSet the driver-isolation settings for a printer.
EnumPrinterDataExEnumerate driver-isolation settings for a printer.
FindFirstPrinterChangeNotification
FindNextPrinterChangeNotification
Request notifications of changes to the driver-isolation settings for a printer.

The format for the data is as follows:

  • Driver in each group is separated by '
  • Each driver group is separated by '

The first group loads the driver into the spooler processes. Each subsequent group loads the drivers in isolated processes per group. The second group is considered the 'shared' group in which other isolation-capable drivers are loaded by default.

Configuring driver isolation mode through administration

A computer administrator can use the Windows Print Management console or call the Windows spooler functions to configure the driver-isolation settings for each printer driver installed on a computer. The administrator configures the driver to use one of the settings listed in the following table.

Driver-isolation modeMeaning
SharedRun the driver in a process that is shared with other printer drivers but is separate from the spooler process.
IsolatedRun the driver in a process that is separate from the spooler process and is not shared with other printer drivers.
NoneRun the driver in the spooler process.

Ideally, a printer driver is able to run in shared mode. That is, it runs in an isolated process shared with other printer drivers but separate from the spooler process. A driver might need to run in isolated mode if it can run in a process separate from the spooler process, but has difficulty sharing the process with other drivers. For example, a poorly designed driver might have file names that conflict with those of related drivers or of different versions of the same driver, or the driver might fault frequently or have a memory leak that interferes with the operation of other drivers that run in the same process.

To support troubleshooting, the domain administrator can disable the driver-isolation feature on a computer in the domain, or the administrator can force all of the printer drivers on the computer to run in isolated mode. In isolated mode, each driver must run in a process separate from the spooler and from the other printer drivers.

If driver isolation is disabled by group policy, the isolation is off for all printer drivers. If isolation is enabled, then the individual drivers are mode-checked. If a driver has isolation mode set, it runs in shared, isolated, or none mode, based on the registry entry. However, if the driver does not have isolation mode set and it is compatible with isolation, it runs in shared mode. If the driver is not compatible with the mode, the group policy override determines whether the driver runs in shared mode or none mode.

The following chart shows a decision map for choosing the driver isolation mode:

Spooler functions allowed under driver isolation

Only specific functions are allowed under driver isolation.

Spoolss.dll functions

The following functions are exported by spoolss.dll and are available to spooler plugins by linking to spoolss.lib.

  • AddMonitorW

  • AppendPrinterNotifyInfoData

  • ClosePrinter

  • DeletePortW

  • DeletePrintProcessorW

  • EndDocPrinter

  • EndPagePrinter

  • EnumFormsW

  • EnumJobsW

  • FlushPrinter

  • GetJobAttributes

  • GetJobAttributesEx

  • GetJobW

  • GetPrinterDataExW

  • GetPrinterDataW

  • GetPrinterDriverDirectoryW

  • GetPrinterDriverW

  • GetPrinterW

  • ImpersonatePrinterClient

  • OpenPrinterW

  • ReadPrinter

  • RouterCreatePrintAsyncNotificationChannel

  • RouterGetPrintClassObject

  • SetJobW

  • SetPrinterDataExW

  • SetPrinterDataW

  • StartDocPrinterW

  • StartPagePrinter

  • WritePrinter

WinSpool.drv Functions

The following functions are exported by winspool.drv and are available to spooler plugins by linking to Winspool.h.

  • AppendPrinterNotifyInfoData

  • ExtDeviceMode

  • ImpersonatePrinterClient

  • IsValidDevmode

  • PartialReplyPrinterChangeNotification

  • ReplyPrinterChangeNotification

  • RevertToPrinterSelf

  • RouterAllocBidiMem

  • RouterAllocBidiResponseContainer

  • RouterAllocPrinterNotifyInfo

  • RouterCreatePrintAsyncNotificationChannel

  • RouterFreeBidiMem

  • RouterFreeBidiResponseContainer

  • RouterFreePrinterNotifyInfo

  • RouterGetPrintClassObject

  • RouterRegisterForPrintAsyncNotifications

  • RouterUnregisterForPrintAsyncNotifications

Drivers License and Non-Driver Identification

ATTENTION MOTORISTS:

In our effort to begin the process of re-opening the Erie County Auto Bureau to the public on June 17th,
ALL in-person transactions now require an appointment.

Effective Monday, July 6th you will be able to schedule the following transactions which will begin on Wednesday, July 8th:

  • CDL permit testing, HAZMAT or Amendment testing- CALL 716-858-7450, option #2
  • Class D (new driver, or motorcycle) permit testing-Click here to schedule your appointment

Are you applying for a license (permit) for the first time?

Be sure you read through the steps to apply for a driving permit (the first step to getting a license) before you come to the DMV. In order to obtain a drivers license you will need to be age 16 or older.

You will need to pass the written permit test at a DMV office on the rules of the road.

You can use the DMV Driver’s Manual and practice tests as a study guide to prepare for the written test.

To get a learners permit, driver license, or non-driver ID for the first time or to renew a license or identification that has been expired for more than two years, you must:

1. Prove your date of birth with a certified copy or original birth certificate. See form ID-44 Proof of Identity for other acceptable proof.

2. Have your social security card with you.

3. Prove your name and address by submitting one or more documents that total 4 points. See form ID-44 Proof of Identity for other acceptable proof and point value.

Bring the required documentation along with a completed Form MV-44 to the nearest Erie County Auto Bureau.

Renew License or non-Driver Identification

Youmust renew your license before it expires or you could face fines.

If you drive with expired license get a traffic ticket, you will receive fines and penalties

  • 60 days or less after the expiration date: $25 to $40 plus state and local surcharges
  • more than 60 days after the expiration date: $75 to $300 plus state and local surcharges

You can renew up to 1 year before it expires and 2 years after (there are no exceptions).

Renewal anytime within this period will NOT affect the expiration date of your new driver license or the fees.

If your license is expired for 2 years or more, you must apply for an original license. You must present all proofs of identification and residency, pass the vision test and the written test, complete a pre-licensing course and pass a Road Test. The same applies for a non-Driver Identification Card- you will need to present all proofs of identification and residency. See form ID-44 Proof of Identity for other acceptable proof and point value.

Once renewed, your license or non-Driver ID expiration date will be extended for 8 years.

Get an Enhanced Drivers License (EDL) and Enhanced Non-Driver Identification

If you are looking for information on a REAL ID License or non-Driver IDclick here.

What is an enhanced driver license (EDL)?

A NYS EDL is compliant with the REAL ID Act and Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) and in 2016 a NYS EDL will be required to board domestic flights.

If you are a US citizen and NYS resident, you can apply for a NYS Enhanced Driver License (EDL) that can be used instead of a passport to return to the US by land or sea from Canada, Mexico and some countries in the Caribbean. An EDL is not acceptable for 'InternationaL' air travel between these countries.

We recommend you contact your travel agent, your cruise line or the specific countries of destination to verify your travel document requirements.

How do I apply for an EDL?

You must apply for an EDL in person at any Erie County Auto Bureau and provide Proof of Your Identity, U.S. Citizenship, NYS Residency and Age (Date of Birth), Social Security Card(or Federal or NYS Tax form with compete social Security Number).

You will also need

  • a completed Application for Enhanced Driver License or Non-Driver ID Card (MV-44)
  • payment for the fees

    If you are looking for information on how to apply for a REAL ID click here

NoneNOTE: If name on certified copy of birth certificate is different from current proof of identity, you MUST bring in a state certified copy of marriage certificate(s), divorce decree(s) or court order document(s).

Drivers License Restrictions None

BE READY, BE PREPARED! Review the handy document guide of all the necessary identification and documents required for when you arrive: ENHANCED AND REAL ID DRIVER'S LICENSE AND IDENTIFCATION CARD DOCUMENT GUIDE.

Can I apply online, by phone or mail?

No, because you are required to show proofs of identity, NYS residency and U.S. Citizenship. All applications for enhanced documents must be made in person at any Erie County Auto Bureau.

Please visit any of our main or satellite office locations if you with to apply for a REAL ID or Enhanced Driver License/non-Driver Identification card. At present we are unable to process this type of transaction at any of our Mobile locations.

Is there an additional fee for an enhanced driver license?

The additional fee for an enhanced driver licensed (EDL) or enhanced non-driver ID card (ENDID) is $30.00. The fee is added to the other fees for the driver license or non-driver ID transaction.

To determine the fee for converting from a regular driver license or ID card to an enhanced document, see Early renewal with conversion to an enhanced document.

Drivers One-eighties

For your convenience make a reservation online.